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1、前言

Top 在 Solaris 10 沒有內建因此我們必須另外安裝,Top 套件能夠動態提供系統行程 (Process) 資訊、CPU 使用率、負載狀態....等,預設為 5 秒更新畫面。

文章目錄

1、前言
2、實作環境
3、安裝及設定
          步驟1.下載 top 套件
          步驟2.安裝 top 套件
          步驟3.操作 top
4、補充、安裝/查詢/移除 套件

2、實作環境

  • SunOS 5.10 (Solaris 10) i386
  • top-3.6

3、安裝及設定

步驟1.下載 top 套件

執行如下指令,以便下載 top 套件。
#ftp ftp.sunfreeware.com         //連接到 sunfreeware
 Connected to sunfreeware.com.
 220 ftp.sunfreeware.com FTP server ready.
 Name (ftp.sunfreeware.com:weithenn): anonymous   //輸入登入帳號 (匿名)
 331 Guest login ok, send your complete e-mail address as password.
 Password:   //不用密碼直接按 Enter 即可登入
 230-
 230-=================================
 230-This is the ftp.sunfreeware.com ftp server
 230-
 230-If you have not already done so, make sure
 230-you have read the Downloading/Installation,
 230-FAQ, and Disclaimer links on
 230-http://sunfreeware.com.
 230-
 230-This is a restricted access system.  All
 230-transfers are logged.   If you disagree
 230-with this practice, log off now.
 230-
 230-Questions go to Steve Christensen at
 230-the address given on sunfreeware.com.
 230-=================================
 230-
 230 Guest login ok, access restrictions apply.
 Remote system type is UNIX.
 Using binary mode to transfer files.
 ftp> cd /pub/freeware/i386/5.10      //切換到 Solaris 10 x86 套件目錄
 250 CWD command successful.
 ftp> ls -al                          //列出所有套件
 ftp> get top-3.6-sol10-x86-local.gz  //下載 top 套件(在目前的目錄下)
 200 PORT command successful.
 150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for top-3.6-sol10-x86-local.gz (117461 bytes).
 226 Transfer complete.               //顯示下載套件成功
 local: top-3.6-sol10-x86-local.gz remote: top-3.6-sol10-x86-local.gz
 117461 bytes received in 1.5 seconds (74.48 Kbytes/s)
 ftp> quit                            //離開 sunfreeware
 221-You have transferred 117461 bytes in 1 files.
 221-Total traffic for this session was 162098 bytes in 2 transfers.
 221-Thank you for using the FTP service on ftp.sunfreeware.com.
 221 Goodbye.


步驟2.安裝 top 套件

依序執行如下指令,以安裝 top 套件。(請尊重 Weithenn 的辛勞!!)
#cd /export/home/weithenn/software   //切換到套件下載路徑
#gzip -d top-3.6-sol10-x86-local.gz  //解壓縮 top 套件
#pkgadd -d top-3.6-sol10-x86-local   //安裝 top 套件
 The following packages are available:
  1  SMCpstree     top
                   (x86) 3.6
 Select package(s) you wish to process (or 'all' to process all packages). (default: all) [?,??,q]:   //預設全裝
 Processing package instance <SMCtop> from </export/home/weithenn/software/top-3.6-sol10-x86-local>
 top(x86) 3.6
 LeFebvre et al
 The selected base directory </usr/local> must exist before installation is attempted.
 Do you want this directory created now [y,n,?,q] y    //輸入 y 開始安裝
 Using </usr/local> as the package base directory.
## Processing package information.
## Processing system information.
## Verifying disk space requirements.
## Checking for conflicts with packages already installed.
## Checking for setuid/setgid programs.
 Installing top as <SMCtop>
## Installing part 1 of 1.
 /usr/local/bin/amd64/top
 /usr/local/bin/i386/top
 /usr/local/bin/top                         //top 執行檔安裝路徑
 /usr/local/doc/top/Changes
 /usr/local/doc/top/FAQ
 /usr/local/doc/top/INSTALL
 /usr/local/doc/top/LICENSE
 /usr/local/doc/top/README                  //top 參考文件路徑
 /usr/local/doc/top/Y2K
 /usr/local/man/man1/top.1/top.1
 [ verifying class <none> ]
 Installation of <SMCtop> was successful.   //顯示安裝 top 成功


步驟3.操作 top

安裝完成後無法直接使用因為 top 執行檔是裝在 /usr/loca/bin 目錄下,而我們 PATH 內通常未指定該路徑,所以修改 /export/home/weithenn/local.cshrc 把路徑如入吧。(請尊重 Weithenn 的辛勞!!)
#vi /export/home/weithenn/local.cshrc
 set path=(/bin /usr/bin /usr/sbin /usr/local/bin /usr/ucb /etc .) //加入/usr/local/bin
#echo $PATH
 /usr/bin
#source /export/home/weithenn/local.cshrc       //更新環境變數
#echo $PATH
 /bin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/ucb:/etc:.


執行 top 指令 (預設五秒更新,可配合參數 -d time(秒)、-n number(顯示行數)。
#top
last pid:  1992;  load avg:  0.01,  0.01,  0.00;       up 0+21:18:38    12:23:56
52 processes: 51 sleeping, 1 on cpu
CPU states: 99.2% idle,  0.0% user,  0.8% kernel,  0.0% iowait,  0.0% swap
Memory: 512M phys mem, 288M free mem, 518M swap, 518M free swap
PID  USERNAME  LWP PRI  NICE  SIZE   RES    STATE  TIME   CPU     COMMAND
1992 root      1   59   0     1912K  1184K  cpu    0:00   0.23%   top
931  root      17  59   0     107M   42M    sleep  4:12   0.16%   java
430  root      1   59   0     16M    18M    sleep  1:04   0.07%   Xorg
634  root      5   59   0     8008K  5852K  sleep  0:05   0.06%   dtwm
1    root      1   59   0     2024K  1096K  sleep  0:00   0.04%   init
628  root      3   59   0     9880K  5736K  sleep  0:28   0.03%   dtsession
1872 weithenn  1   59   0     7072K  1848K  sleep  0:00   0.02%   sshd
7    root      12  59   0     8996K  8112K  sleep  0:06   0.01%   svc.startd
342  root      15  59   0       10M  6732K  sleep  0:01   0.01%   fmd
9    root      15  59   0     8988K  8080K  sleep  0:13   0.01%   svc.configd
1524 root      25  59   0     3400K  2444K  sleep  0:03   0.00%   nscd
305  root      1   59   0     1064K   608K  sleep  0:00   0.00%   utmpd
506  root      1   59   0     6664K  2052K  sleep  0:03   0.00%   sendmail
1417 root      1   39   10    3828K 1812K   sleep  0:02   0.00%   dtscreen


4、補充、安裝/查詢/移除 套件

剛才去找了一下 sunfreeware 也有 Taiwan Anonymous FTP Mirror Sites 這樣就不用每次抓套件就出國比賽了。進入後路徑都在 freeware/i386/10 下。

1.列出安裝套件的概要資訊

#pkginfo | grep top
 application SMCtop                           top

2. 列出安裝套件的詳細資訊

#pkginfo -l SMCtop
       PKGINST:  SMCtop
            NAME:  top
  CATEGORY:  application
            ARCH:  x86
      VERSION:  3.6
      BASEDIR:  /usr/local
       VENDOR:  LeFebvre et al
       PSTAMP:  Steve Christensen
   INSTDATE:  May 25 2007 11:26
          EMAIL:  steve@smc.vnet.net
        STATUS:  completely installed
             FILES:       18 installed pathnames
                                2 shared pathnames
                                8 directories
                                3 executables
                            538 blocks used (approx)

3.移除套件

#pkgrm SMCtop           //移除 top 套件
 The following package is currently installed:
    SMCtop  top
           (x86) 3.6
 Do you want to remove this package? [y,n,?,q] y    //輸入 y 後確定移除
## Removing installed package instance <SMCtop>
## Verifying package <SMCtop> dependencies in global zone
## Processing package information.
## Removing pathnames in class <none>
 /usr/local/man/man1/top.1/top.1
 /usr/local/man/man1/top.1
 /usr/local/man/man1
 /usr/local/man
 /usr/local/doc/top/Y2K
 /usr/local/doc/top/README
 /usr/local/doc/top/LICENSE
 /usr/local/doc/top/INSTALL
 /usr/local/doc/top/FAQ
 /usr/local/doc/top/Changes
 /usr/local/doc/top
 /usr/local/doc
 /usr/local/bin/top
 /usr/local/bin/i386/top
 /usr/local/bin/i386
 /usr/local/bin/amd64/top
 /usr/local/bin/amd64
 /usr/local/bin
## Updating system information.
 Removal of <SMCtop> was successful.
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